The law protects the relationship between a client and a psychotherapist, and information cannot be disclosed without written permission.

Exceptions include:

  • Suspected child abuse or dependant adult or elder abuse, for which therapists are required by law to report this to the appropriate authorities immediately.
  • If a client is threatening serious bodily harm to another person, therapists must notify the police and inform the intended victim.
  • If a client intends to harm himself or herself, a therapist will make every effort to enlist their cooperation in insuring their safety.
  • If they do not cooperate,  the therapist will take further measures without their permission.
  • Court Order
  • Litigation